When water contains a significant amount of calcium and magnesium, it is called hard water. Hard water is known to clog pipes and to complicate soap and detergent dissolving in water.
Although drinking hard water has some minor benefits. Use of hard water for showers and cleaning clothes and utensils can have negative effects on them.
Hair: Showering with hard water can make hair brittle and dull. It can also be the cause of greying and thinning of hair, eczema of the scalp, split ends and dandruff. Hard water minerals combine with your natural oils can make your hair look greasy.
Skin: Hard water also affects the skin. The high content of minerals in hard water leaves a film of soap scum on the skin leading to clogged pores and breakouts. Presence of calcium, magnesium, and iron can make the skin dry causing it to become flaky and itchy. Those with dry skin can develop eczema, dry scaly patches or psoriasis.
Clothes: Minerals present in hard water prevents laundry detergent from working and forms a detergent curd which sticks to the fabric. It fades the color of the fabric and makes it look dull. Hard water can sometimes leave stains on clothes which are hard to get rid of.
Utensils: Just like skin, hard water has the capability to affect the kitchen utensils as well. The ph level of hard water can cause erosion too. They even lose their shine and get stained. Water System: Water pipes and other water equipment gets blocked due to the mineral deposition which can cause other problems like water leakage. Erosion of metal can also cause the pipes to drain.
The process of Sequester helps in solving the problem of hard water. Sequestering agents are used for removing the hardness of the water. These agents combine with calcium and magnesium and other heavy metal ions present in hard water. They form molecules in which the ions are held so securely that minerals can no longer react.
Hard water softener/ shower softener /water softener are filters which perform water softening. Water softening is a technique that serves the removal of the ions that cause the water to be hard, in most cases calcium and magnesium ions. Iron ions are also removed during softening. The best way to soften water is to use a water softener unit and connect it directly to the water supply.
Water filters-softener is a mechanical appliance that's plumbed into the home's water supply system and soften the water of the whole house. It is connected to the main source of water and it filters the water before it enters the water pipes of the house. It lasts up to 10-15 years. This helps is preventing pipes from getting clogged, showers and other equipment from getting scaled and stained because of the deposition of minerals present in hard water.
A whole house water softener works on the principle of ion exchange called cation exchange. It conditions or softens the hard water by substituting sodium chloride for hard minerals such as calcium, magnesium, and iron. A typical whole house water softener has a resin tank. The house water supply pipe is connected to the top of the resin tank. From there the water flows down into the tank which is filled with plastic beads arranged in columns called resin beds. These beads have a negative electric charge that attracts the positively charged mineral ions. Because of this attraction, minerals such as calcium and magnesium, adhere to the resin beads as the water passes through the tank. By the time the water reaches the bottom of the tank, it has been softened.
Compared to the conventional softener, micropore softener is very different in terms of its working. A conventional softener uses Ion exchange technology while micropore uses sequestering technology. Conventional softener replaces hard salts (Cl, Mg) with soft salt in a significant increase in sodium in the treated water and micropore softener Binds the hard salts (Cl, Mg) and inhibits/neutralizes its properties which does not alter the water chemistry.
Conventional softener is big in size and need a separate place for installation while micropore
softener is small and compact. Can be mounted or installed by anyone.
A conventional softener does not filter physical impurities in water. Additional filters have to be used. A micropore softener comes in build infiltration for secondary sedimentation. Use of conventional softener needs regular regeneration which results in wastage of water while micropore softener needs no regeneration, no Regular maintenance, and no water wastage.
Conventional softener needs a separate pump for regeneration but a micropore softener does not. Conventional softener needs manual operations but not with micropore softener. You can just fit and forget. Conventional softener also needs high maintenance due to electricity, salt, and change of resin but not a micropore softener. Only the cartridge needs to be changed.
Hard water softener can be applied to any kind of water supply system. From commercial and industrial use to residential and agricultural use.
We have whole house water softener that filter water for individual houses/villas/apartments. There are filters for swimming pools, showers, house appliances, washing clothes and much more. For industrial or commercial purposes like car wash station, healthcare and hospitals etc. hard water softener can also be applied for irrigation and floriculture.
In chemistry, a sequestering agent is a substance that removes ions from a solution system by
forming a ring which does not have chemical reactions with the ion which is removed.
Sequestering agents are used for removing water hardness.
They combine with calcium and magnesium ions as well as other heavy metal ions in hard water. They form molecules in which the ions are held so securely (sequestered) that they can no longer react.
Soft water has numerous advantages.